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China calls for new global currency

来源:USA TODAY 作者:Joe Mcdonald 时间:2009-04-07 Tag:global   currency   点击:
China is calling for a global currency to replace the dominant dollar, showing a growing assertiveness(刚毅自信) on revamping(修补) the world economy ahead of next week's London summit on the financial crisis.

The surprise proposal by Beijing's central bank governor reflects unease about its vast holdings(债券) of U.S. government bonds and adds to Chinese pressure to overhaul(彻底检查) a global financial system dominated by the dollar and Western governments. Both the United States and the European Union brushed off(不听取) the idea.

The world economic crisis shows the "inherent vulnerabilities and systemic risks in the existing international monetary system," Gov. Zhou Xiaochuan said in an essay released Monday by the bank. He recommended creating a currency made up of a basket of global currencies(全球货币篮子) and controlled by the International Monetary Fund and said it would help "to achieve the objective of safeguarding global economic and financial stability."

Zhou did not mention the dollar by name. But in an unusual step, the essay was published in both Chinese and English, making clear it was meant for a foreign audience.

China has long been uneasy about relying on the dollar for the bulk of its trade and to store foreign reserves. Premier Wen Jiabao publicly appealed to(向...呼吁) Washington this month to avoid any response to the crisis that might weaken the dollar and the value of Beijing's estimated $1 trillion in Treasuries and other U.S. government debt.

For decades, the dollar has been the world's most widely used currency. Many governments hold a large portion of their reserves in dollars. Crude oil(原油) and many commodities are priced in dollars. Business deals around the world are done in dollars. But the financial crisis has highlighted(使突出) how America's economic problems — and by extension the dollar — can wreak havoc(施行大破坏) on nations around the world.

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